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LNG – Cleaner environment with natural gas

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What is LNG?

LNG is liquefied natural gas, a clear, colourless, non-toxic liquid that forms when natural gas is cooled to -162ºC (-260ºF). This shrinks the volume of the gas 600 times, making it easier to store and ship to markets and regions that are not linked to gas network.

Latest news


Skangas to deliver LNG to new Prima Protein factory

Skangas has entered an agreement with Prima Protein for the delivery of liquefied natural gas to the Prima Protein factory in Egersund. The construction of the new LNG customer terminal at the protein factory is underway. Natural gas was selected as fuel, as it is an available and emission friendly option.

The agreement is a six year deal for the delivery of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). Skangas produces LNG at its Tananger plant. From there, the product will be delivered by truck to a new receiving customer terminal. The customer terminal will be located in close proximity to the new Prima Protein factory at Egersund.

"When selecting natural gas from Skangas, we considered both the vendor and the environment", explains Fredrik Andersen, the Prima Protein general manager. "For us, dependable deliveries and emissions are important factors. The environmental impact of LNG is low, and in the longer term we are also looking at the possibility of using biogas in the same factory process."

Environmentally friendly energy

Prima Protein will use LNG to generate the steam used in production. Using LNG has significant environmental advantages in the form of less emissions to air compared to other types of fuel. There are no particle emissions to the local environment during the burning of LNG. When liquid biogas (LBG) becomes available, it may be used directly in the same production process and it is therefore possible to use 100 percent renewable energy in the future, without additional investments.

Building a customer terminal

Right now, Skangas is building a new LNG customer terminal at the Prima Protein plant. It will be receiving the liquefied gas, which has to be returned to natural gas before it will be introduced into the production process. Skangas conducts close to 600 deliveries by tank truck to industrial customers across the Nordics. Next year, Prima Protein will be become another to benefit from access to the Skangas LNG delivery chain.

The protein factory

Prima Protein AS is building a new environmentally friendly, innovative and efficient factory for the production of protein concentrate, fishmeal and fish oil in Egersund. Production will start in January 2019, and the budgeted annual turnover is NOK 250 million.

Photo: Prima Protein

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Finnsementti switches to cleaner energy – LNG – at Raahe blastfurnace slag plant

Skangas and cement manufacturer Finnsementti have entered into an agreement on the supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to the Raahe blast-furnace slag plant for production process use. Finnsementti will use LNG in the cement production process to dry aggregates. The energy switch from fuel oil to LNG will improve the efficiency rate and reduce the company's carbon dioxide emissions.

LNG will be delivered to the Finnsementti Raahe plant by road tanker from the Tornio Manga LNG terminal co-owned by Skangas. Before being used, LNG will be regasified on the site. The Technical Services of the Skangas parent company Gasum will design and implement the equipment deliveries and installations relating to the introduction of LNG at the Raahe blast-furnace slag plant.

”Sustainable development is an essential part of our company’s operations. We believe that in the near future LNG will be a more secure, more competitive and, above all, a cleaner fuel from the environmental perspective in comparison with heavy fuel oil. LNG will improve our process efficiency and reduce the carbon dioxide footprint of our production,” says Finnsementti Production Director Jussi Puustinen.

”We’re pleased that Finnsementti chose liquefied natural gas as the energy form for its production. LNG's versatile characteristics come into their own in various industrial process applications. We offer environmentally friendly LNG for a diversity of industrial needs from the Tornio Manga LNG terminal in Northern Finland. From Tornio we’re able to serve industry, mining operators, maritime transport and heavy-duty road transport throughout the Bothnian Bay area as well as Northern Finland, Sweden and Norway,” says Skangas Sales and Marketing Director Tommy Mattila.

LNG can also be used to replace the use of petroleum-based fuels in industry, energy production and heavy-duty road transport. Using LNG instead of oil helps achieve significant cuts in particulate as well as sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions. The use of LNG also enables a switch to liquefied biogas (LBG) without any additional investments. LNG meets the requirements set by the Sulphur Directive regulating shipping emissions as well as the stricter emission limits to be applied in the future.

Photo: The Tornio Manga LNG terminal co-owned by Skangas.

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Skangas fuels the tanker Fure Vinga with liquefied biogas (LBG)

Skangas have supplied the leading Swedish shipping company and LNG pioneer Furetank with Liquefied Biogas (LBG) - a renewable and environmentally friendly fuel. The Swedish LBG was delivered to Furetank’s M/T FURE VINGA from Skangas’ parent company Gasum’s biogas facility in Lidköping. The fueling took place at the port of Gothenburg, transferring the fuel directly from a tanker truck to the ship.

The FURE VINGA was delivered from the ship yard in April this year and is one of two vessels in the company’s fleet powered by liquefied gas. Furetank has been using LNG as fuel since 2015 when the FURE WEST was converted for dual-fuel.

Expanding the LNG vessels

Together with partners Furetank is building five further sister vessels to the FURE VINGA, all of which will be dual-fuel and can be powered by LBG when the fuel is available. The vessels will be trading in North Europe and will benefit from Skangas’ LNG supply network in the region. Skangas is already supporting Furetank’s other LNG-fueled vessels in ports and at sea

Sustainable and interchangeable alternative fuel

Further to the environmental benefits of using LNG instead of conventional bunker oils LBG is also 100% renewable with no CO2 emissions. For running the engine LBG has similar or better characteristics compared with LNG.

“Running vessels on liquefied natural gas is our contribution to a more environmentally friendly environment. We will, however, contribute by increasing the sustainability. Using liquefied biogas was a natural step in this direction,” explains Lars Höglund, CEO of Furetank. “No doubt LBG will be a clear option for us. It is proven by this operation that it can be available from our existing LNG supplier and not at least with the same quality as our current LNG fuel”, he concludes.

“This is the first time we are supplying LBG to a marine customer. However, it will not be the last”, says Tommy Mattila, sales and marketing director in Skangas. “To be increasingly greener with the renewable biogas is possible because we use the same infrastructure that we’ve built throughout northern Europe. This mean that LNG and LBG will continue to walk hand in hand as the availability of LBG on the market is on the rise.”

Because the LNG and LBG mainly consist of methane gas the existing LNG supply infrastructure can be used without any modifications. This means that you use the same trucks, ships, tanks and marine filling stations for both products.

LNG is the cleanest available marine fuel, one that is rapidly becoming more commonly used as a cost-effective alternative. LNG is suitable for all vessel types, including ferries, passenger ships, tankers, bulk, supply and containerships. LNG offers several benefits by reducing local and global pollution. Switching to LNG completely removes SOx and particulates and reduces NOx emissions by up to 85%. In addition, LNG reduces CO2 emissions by at least 20%. Use of LNG as marine fuel result in compliance with current and forthcoming IMO and EU regulations. Skangas expects the LNG demand for ships to increase significantly in next few years as responsible shipping companies are seeking cleaner fuel alternatives.

Liquefied biogas (LBG) is similar to liquefied natural gas (LNG). LBG is a renewable and environmentally friendly fuel made from 100% local feedstocks. Firstly, biogas is produced through the processing of various types of organic waste. Secondly, the gas is purified and upgraded to approximately 97% methane. This process takes place in Skangas’s parent company Gasum’s biogas facility in Lidköping. The biogas is further being liquefied by cooling it to a temperature of minus 160 °C for transportation by trucks to customers.

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Cleaner energy with LNG in Marine